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Assorted regalia from the Crown Jewels

The Crown Jewels are the most complete collection of royal regalia in the world

Robert Viner the Younger (active 1689)

Queen Mary II's Orb 1689

RCIN 31719

Jewel House, Jewel House

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The coronation of 1689 was unique, since it is the only time in English history that joint sovereigns, rather than a sovereign and a consort, have been crowned.  This meant that Mary II required Crown Jewels equal to that of her husband, William III, rather than the lesser regalia provided for a consort.  This orb was created by Robert Viner, a relative of the Royal Goldsmith Robert Viner who had prepared the regalia for Charles II during the Restoration. 

Like the Sovereign's Orb created in 1661, the orb symbolises the Christian world with its cross mounted on a globe, and its bands of jewels and pearls dividing it up to represent the three continents known in medieval Europe.  Since Roman and Byzantine times, orbs have also served as symbols of imperial power.