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Trail

France and Marianne: Dolls for the Little Princesses

Dolls given by the children of France to Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret

A pair of pale pink silk slippers with two silver buttons on the front of the shoe joined with a silver link and cut-out moons. With leather soles stamped with crosses.
Shoes ©
A Jumeau fashion doll, <em>France,</em> with porcelain face and jointed limbs, fixed, fair hair and moveable brown eyes, painted lips, eyebrows and pierced ears. With gold identity bracelet with French flag in enamel and stamped 'France'.<br>
<br>This dol

France ©

France and Marianne and their magnificent ensemble of 360 pieces of clothing and accessories were given to Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret Rose in 1938 to mark the State Visit to France by George VI and Queen Elizabeth. The 'little princesses', then aged twelve and eight, did not accompany the king and queen, so the director of the newspaper Le Journal conceived the idea of the dolls as a gift to them from the children of France. The metre-high dolls and their belongings were exhibited to the public in Paris before being dispatched in a huge crate to London. They were formally presented to the princesses at Buckingham Palace by the French Ambassador and were placed on show at St James's Palace in aid of the Princess Elizabeth of York Hospital for Children.

Exhibition of dresses worn by the dolls Marianne and France [Box: KGVI & family]

Postcard showing the original exhibition in aid of the Princess Elizabeth of York Hospital for Children. RCIN 2507059. ©

Although the dolls were intended as a tangible expression of the entente cordiale between Great Britain and France on the eve of the Second World War, they also served as a showcase for the French fashion industry and the glamorous world of Parisian haute couture. All the famous Parisian designers of the 1930s were represented. Every occasion, time of day and season was accounted for, including Ascot gowns, yachting outfits, fur coats, silk negligees and mackintoshes, all with matching shoes, hats, and gloves.

Photograph of Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret of York, c. 1935 (RCIN 2108323)

Photograph of Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret of York, c. 1935. RCIN 2108323. ©

Ahough Le Journal’s reports about France and Marianne ended with the 1938 exhibition at St James’s Palace, the dolls still had journeys ahead of them. In August 1939 they were sent to Scotland to raise funds for King George V’s Jubilee Trust. During Queen Elizabeth’s royal tour of North America that year, further plans were made to send the dolls to Canada on an exhibition tour in aid of the National Committee en Refugees (CNCR). This tour was a resounding success, inspiring designers, raising funds and creating precedence for future fundraising tours across America of other dolls belonging to the Princesses. They returned to England in 1946, undamaged and internationally renowned.

Click on an object below to learn more about the dolls and their extensive set of outfits and accessories.

Jumeau [Paris]

Marianne

Jumeau [Paris]

France

Jeanne Lanvin [Paris]

Ascot gown

Hellstern & Sons [Paris]

Shoes

Marcel Rochas, Paris

Evening gown

Paris [France]

Coat, muff and hat

Charmis, 7 Place de la Madeleine, Paris

Lingere

Sèvres porcelain factory

Cups and saucers

Hermés [Paris]

Handbag

Cartier [Paris]

Parure

Suzanne Joly, 372 rue St. Honoré, Paris

Evening dresses

Suzanne Joly, 372 rue St. Honoré, Paris

House-coats

Charmis, 7 Place de la Madeleine, Paris

House coat

Alexandrine [Paris]

Gloves

Henry A La Pensée [Paris]

Scarves