Mobile menu
Welcome back to the royal residences. Find out more about our measures to keep you safe.

Florence and Rome

Map showing the regions around Florence and Rome

Florence and Rome ©

Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael worked in Florence early in the sixteenth century, but had all left by 1508. Andrea del Sarto became the city's most important painter: his rich colouring and tender expressiveness epitomised the Florentine High Renaissance style. His pupils Pontormo and Rosso Fiorentino developed the style later known as Mannerism. Trained by Pontormo, Bronzino became a leading court artist to the ruling Medici, producing sophisticated portraits. Giorgio Vasari, best known today for his vivid biographies of fellow artists was also in Medici service.

In Rome, Pope Julius II commissioned the two defining masterpieces of the High Renaissance: Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling and Raphael's decoration of the papal apartments (the Stanze). Raphael's workshop produced a generation of artists capable of producing complex decorative schemes such as Polidoro da Caravaggio; Perino del Vaga and Giulio Romano. In 1527 the Imperial troops of Charles V sacked Rome, and many artists and patrons fled the devastated city.

Follower of Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520)

Portrait of a Man

Andrea del Sarto (Florence 1486-Florence 1530)

The Virgin and Child

Andrea del Sarto (Florence 1486-Florence 1530)

Portrait of a Woman in Yellow

Perino del Vaga (Florence 1501-Rome 1547)

A Fragment: The Good Thief (Saint Dismas)

Perino del Vaga (Florence 1501-Rome 1547)

A Fragment: The Bad Thief (Gestas)

Attributed to Pontormo (1494-1556)

The Virgin and Child

Agnolo Bronzino (Florence 1503-72)

Portrait of a Lady in Green

Francesco Salviati (Florence 1510-Rome 1563)

The Virgin and Child with an Angel

Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo 1511-74)

Venus and Cupid

Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452-Amboise 1519)

Neptune

Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520)

The Conversion of the Proconsul

Raphael (Urbino 1483-Rome 1520)

The Three Graces

Andrea del Sarto (Florence 1486-Florence 1530)

The head of St Sebastian

Baldassarre Peruzzi (1481-1536)

A design for an organ case

Perino del Vaga (Florence 1501-Rome 1547)

St Mark and St John with putti

Polidoro da Caravaggio (c. 1495-Messina 1543)

Recto: The head of St Thomas (?). Verso: Tobias and the Angel

Michelangelo Buonarroti (Caprese 1475-Rome 1564)

The Fall of Phaeton

Michelangelo Buonarroti (Caprese 1475-Rome 1564)

A children’s bacchanal

Taddeo Zuccaro (1529-66)

The Conversion of the Proconsul

Johannes Stradanus (Bruges 1523-Florence 1605)

Ulysses and Circe

Alessandro Allori (Florence 1535-Florence 1607)

Fortitude, Prudence and Vigilance

Girolamo Muziano (1528-92)

St Jerome

Federico Zuccaro (c. 1542-1609)

Allegorical Figures

Attributed to Giovanni de' Vecchi (1536-1615)

The Mystical Communion of St Catherine

Paris Nogari (c. 1536-1601)

The Circumcision

Lodovico Cardi (Cigoli) (1559-1613)

Two servants