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Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, wife of John, 9th Duke of Argyll, 4th daughter of Queen Victoria (1848-1939)

Queen Victoria dated 1881

RCIN 980422

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Princess Louise was the fourth daughter and sixth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. She was the first member of the royal family to exhibit at the Royal Academy (in 1868, 1869 and 1874), and is therefore often considered to be the first professional royal artist. Along with her elder brothers and sisters, Princess Louise was taught how to draw and paint as a young child. In 1863 she enrolled at the National Art Training School (later renamed the Royal College of Art). In 1871, Princess Louise married John Campbell (1845 – 1914), the Marquis of Lorne, who succeeded as 9th Duke of Argyll in 1900. He served as Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883, and Princess Louise moved with him to Canada following his appointment. This detailed yet delicate pencil portrait of her mother, Queen Victoria aged 62, was created during Princess Louise’s visit to England from Canada. The drawing was later reproduced actual size in a supplement to The Gentlewoman magazine.