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The Church

After the reforming legislation of the 1530s, Henry returned to Catholic tenets in 1539. Those who adhered to reforming views now found themselves on the wrong side of the law. In 1543, four Windsor men were burned at the stake. Among them was Robert Test

The Windsor Martyrs, from John Foxe's Book of Martyrs ©

Henry VIII was initially opposed to religious reform, publishing a stinging attack on the German monk Martin Luther in 1521. In the 1530s, however, the King broke from papal authority in Rome and dissolved the monasteries, declaring himself head of the Church in England. At the end of his reign, his religious policies became closer to those of the 1510s and 1520s.