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Henry VIII: His Family and the Tudor Succession

This miniature, and three others by Hilliard, date from around 1600 and were part of the 'Bosworth Jewel', which commemorated the start of Tudor rule after Henry VII's victory over Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. The four portraits show Hen

Henry VII (1457-1509) ©


Henry VIII inherited the throne from his father, Henry VII, who founded the Tudor dynasty. Henry VIII married six times, and two of his wives were executed for treason. He had three legitimate children, Mary, Elizabeth and Edward. He also had an illegitimate son, Henry Fitzroy, who lived at Windsor Castle for a time. Following his death in 1547, Henry VIII was succeeded on the throne by his son Edward, and then by his daughters Mary and Elizabeth.

George Vertue (1684-1756)

The Whitehall Mural

Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/8-1543)

Princess Mary, later Queen (1516-1558)

Nicholas Hilliard (1547-1619)

Elizabeth I (1533-1603)

Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (1455-1536)

French psalter

Nicholas Hilliard (1547-1619)

Jane Seymour (1509-1537)

Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/8-1543)

Queen Jane Seymour (1508/9-1537)

Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/8-1543)

Edward, Prince of Wales (1537-1553)

Nicholas Hilliard (1547-1619)

Edward VI (1537-1553)

Cornelis Vermeulen (1644-1708/9)


Cornelis Vermeulen (1644-1708/9)


William Rogers (fl.1589-1604)

[Henry VIII and his successors]