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Pen and ink and watercolour design for the King's State Coach, shown from the side.
According to the official journal of the Department of the Master of the Horse for 1760, ‘At the Commencement of this Reign [25 October 1760] a very superb State Coa

Explore objects related to the Royal Mews at Buckingham Palace

David Morier (1705?-70)

James Montagu(e) c.1765

RCIN 402005

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In addition to requiring a new State Coach, George III, his consort Queen Charlotte, and their eventual fifteen children were also in need of a larger private residence away from the busy court at St. James’s Palace. Following the King’s acquisition of Buckingham House in 1762, he added a large Riding School at the rear of the house. Possibly designed by William Chambers, and almost certainly with the design input of the Master of the Horse, Sir Thomas Worsley – himself a keen horseman – the Riding School was used then, as now, as a safe indoor space for the schooling and exercise of both carriage and riding horses. This painting, by the artist David Morier, shows the Yeoman Rider, James Montague, trotting a horse across the middle of the Riding School. He rides near two posts that would have been used when training the horses to perform the complex dressage movements known as ‘haute école’. This painting is the earliest known depiction of the Riding School in use.