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An oil painting of a garden party at Buckingham Palace. Queen Victoria and Alexandra, Princess of Wales are returning to the Palace in an open carriage pulled by two grey horses; in the garden, on the left, the Prince of Wales is conversing to a couple in

Their history, form and function

Arthur James Melhuish (1829-95)

The Norman Tower from the Moat Garden, Windsor Castle 1854-56

RCIN 2100009

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The photograph by Arthur James Melhuish depicts the view towards Norman Tower in the Moat garden less than a century after the Sandby watercolour view and is one of the first photographs of Windsor Castle. In the 1850s the mound on the northern side appears covered in shrubs and trees, with the bottom of the ditch flat with a gravel path and formally laid out plants in a pattern that reminds us of the ‘parterres de broderie’ of the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, which used plants to create an embroidery like pattern. This reflected the Victorian rejection of the simulation of nature and reminds us more of the formal gardens of the Renaissance, using topiary, knot gardens and mazes.