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Previously attributed to Johann Friedrich Winkelmann (1767/72-1821)

Salomon Gessner (1730-88) c. 1790-1820

Oil on canvas | 75.5 x 58.5 cm (support, canvas/panel/str external) | RCIN 404378

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  • Salomon Gessner (1730–1788) a Swiss painter and poet, devoted himself almost entirely to literature for ten years. He wrote elegiac poetry, of an unreservedly sentimental nature. He was a talented painter of classical landscapes, and an accomplished draughtsman and engraver, producing prints as illustrations to his own works. His memorial in the Platzspitz Park in Zürich is the subject of a lithograph designed by Charles Guillaume Alexandre Bourgeois (RCIN 704350). Johann Friedrich Winkelmann studied with Adam Friedrich Oeser in Leipzig, and with Anton Graff in Dresden, and obtained a stipend from George III for his portrait of the Duke of York. After travelling to Germany, Italy and Poland he settled in Dresden, where he received professional advice from Josef Grassi. In Paris he made a copy of David's painting of Napoleon Crossing the Alps, and his copy is in the Kunsthalle, Hamburg.

    First recorded in the Royal Collection during the reign of Queen Victoria

  • Medium and techniques

    Oil on canvas


    75.5 x 58.5 cm (support, canvas/panel/str external)

    91.0 x 74.3 x 7.6 cm (frame, external)

  • Category
    Object type(s)