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The Art of Monarchy

A collaboration with BBC Radio 4 to mark Her Majesty The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee

Garrard & Co

The Imperial State Crown 1937

RCIN 31701

Jewel House, Jewel House

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The Imperial State Crown was made for King George VI in 1937.  It is a replica of the crown designed and made for Queen Victoria in 1838 by Rundell, Bridge and Rundell, and contains virtually all the same stones.  The State Crown is the one which the sovereign wears during his or her reign, as distinct from St Edward’s Crown is used only for the coronation itself.  This is probably the tenth manifestation of the state crown since 1660.

The Imperial State Crown, which is worn annually by The Queen at the State Opening of Parliament, is set with 2,868 diamonds, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds and 269 pearls.  It incorporates the following major stones:

The Lesser Star of Africa (Cullinan II), set in the front band, The Stuart Sapphire, St Edward’s Sapphire, The Black Prince’s Ruby and four pendant pearls, of which two may have been among the seven which Catherine de’Medici gave to Mary, Queen of Scots and which subsequently belonged to Elizabeth I.