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The Art of Monarchy

A collaboration with BBC Radio 4 to mark Her Majesty The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee

Johann Sebastian Müller (1715-1792)

The Hanoverian Succession 1752

RCIN 603772

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This print marks the Hanoverian succession to the British throne. It shows the current monarch George II and his consort Queen Caroline beneath a portrait of George I, the first Hanoverian King of Britain, who had died in 1727. Beneath the King and Queen are oval portraits of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and his wife Augusta, Princess of Wales and their children, Augusta, George, Edward, Elizabeth, William and Henry. To the left is a portrait of William, Duke of Cumberland, Frederick’s brother and an important military commander.

The portraits are surrounded by allegorical figures among them Britannia, Liberty, Plenty and Justice. Liberty tramples on the Pope, to represent the Protestant nature of the succession. To the bottom left are attributes indicating the virtues of the Hanoverians, among them a lute for music and a painter’s palette for art. The inscription reinforces the print’s status as a promoter of the Hanoverian cause: ‘To all true Britons, Lovers of Liberty, and the present Succession, This Plate is Dedicated’.

The print was first issued in 1748. This reissue of 1752 reflects the changes to the succession after the death of the heir to the throne, Frederick, Prince of Wales, in 1751. After Frederick’s death, his son George became Prince of Wales, succeeding to the throne as George III in 1760.