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Still life of fruit and a pie on a table

The Royal Collection has a stunning collection of seventeenth century Dutch art


Dutch landscape painting was first and foremost a literal interpretation of the physical surroundings. The countryside in Holland during the Dutch Golden Age was undergoing change owing to significant economic growth, and artists such as Jacob van Ruisdael and Meyndart Hobbema recorded these developments with meticulous precision and topographical accuracy. There was another strand of Dutch landscape, however, which was influenced by Italy and particularly appealed to British collectors. Artists such as Jan Both, Aelbert Cuyp, and Cornelis van Poelenburgh had travelled to Italy and were inspired by the light, warmth and Classical ruins to paint timeless Arcadian landscapes populated by shepherds and shepherdesses. 

Jacob van Ruisdael (Haarlem c.1628-Amsterdam 1682)

Evening Landscape: a Windmill by a Stream

Meyndert Hobbema (Amsterdam 1638-Amsterdam 1709)

Wooded Landscape with Travellers and Beggars on a Road

Aelbert Cuyp (Dordrecht 1620-Dordecht 1691)

Two Cavalry Troopers Talking to a Peasant

Jan van der Heyden (Gorinchem 1637-Amsterdam 1712)

The South-West Approach to the Town of Veere with the Groote Kerk

Paulus Potter (Enkhuizen 1625-Amsterdam 1654)

"The Young Thief "

Jan Wouwerman (Haarlem 1629-Haarlem 1666)

A Winter Scene with a Fair on the Ice

Johannes Lingelbach (Frankfurt 1622-Amsterdam 1674)

Figures before a Locanda, with a View of the Piazza del Popolo, Rome

Cornelis van Poelenburgh (Utrecht 1594/5-Utrecht 1667)

Shepherds with their Flocks in a Landscape with Roman Ruins