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Dowbiggin & Co., 23 Mount Street

Queen Victoria's Throne 1837

Carved gilt wood, velvet | 177.8 x 94.0 x 86.4 cm (whole object) | RCIN 2608

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Throne chair of carved gilt wood, upholstered in crimson velvet and lacework; the top rail carved with a crown, VR cipher and national emblems; the frame of the chair elaborately decorated with foliage of oak leaves, acanthus scrolls, and berried laurel.

This imposing State Throne Chair was made in 1837 for Queen Victoria for the Throne Room at Buckingham Palace. It is upholstered in crimson velvet. The frame is gilded with a delicate and elaborate pattern of acanthus and oak leaves. The juxtaposition of the red crimson velvet against the sumptuously gilded frame creates a dazzling contrast. The large, almost square back is carved with the Royal Emblems: the rose, the shamrock and the thistle. These are surmounted at the top with the Royal Crown.

The chair was made by the English manufacturer Dowbiggin based at 9 Mount Street in Mayfair and together with its platform and canopy cost £1187. Dowbiggin were a successful manufacturer of high quality fashionable furniture. They ceased trading in 1895 and their business was taken over by the successful firm Holland and Sons, also makers of high quality antique furniture.