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Leonardo da Vinci (Vinci 1452-Amboise 1519)

Recto: A design for an equestrian monument. Verso: Studies of flowing water, a cross-bow, geometry, etc. c.1485-8

RCIN 912358

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Leonardo depicts Francesco Sforza wielding a baton, his arms in several alternative positions, and a fallen foe supporting the forelegs of the rearing horse – a necessary prop to stabilise the massive sculpture. This would still have been a hugely ambitious pose, and around 1490 Leonardo changed the design to a more sedate walking pose.