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Jacob Huysmans (c. 1633-96)

Frances Stewart, later Duchess of Richmond (1647-1702) 1664?

Oil on canvas | 127.7 x 104.4 cm (support, canvas/panel/str external) | RCIN 405876

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During the seventeenth century it became increasingly common for women to wear masculine-inspired clothing as fashionable items, however this did not usually extend to the type of military attire displayed here. Frances Stuart wears a buff coat, with her hair styled to resemble a male periwig, and carries a baton of command – as Pepys notes she is dressed “like a soldier”. Interestingly, however, the coat follows the conical silhouette of the fashionable female torso at the time.