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Revolt and War, 1555-1598

During the reign of Charles’s son, Philip II of Spain (1555-98), the people of the Netherlands rebelled (an episode referred to as the ‘Dutch Revolt’). The Eighty Years War which resulted, 1568-1648, saw the irrevocable division of the northern and southern provinces of the Netherlands: the south remained under Spanish rule, whilst the north became a Republic known as the ‘United Provinces’. By 1600 the worst of the struggle was over and in 1609 a Twelve Year Truce was signed.


Maarten van Heemskerck (Heemskerk 1498-Haarlem 1574)

Jonah Under His Gourd

Maarten van Heemskerck (Heemskerk 1498-Haarlem 1574)

The Four Last Things

Hans Vredeman de Vries (1526-1609)

Christ in the House of Martha and Mary

Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525-1569)

Massacre of the Innocents

Crispin van den Broeck (1524-91)

Christ Healing the Sick