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photograph of current display in the Grand Vestibule

A display highlighting the interaction between the monarchy and the wider world


Dagger c.1600-1700

RCIN 62599

Grand Vestibule, Windsor Castle

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The intricate patterns on the blade of this kris are the result of a technique called pattern welding. Sheets of iron of varying compositions are layered and folded together and then forged with a steel core, before being hammered and filed to form the dagger. Patinating with lemon juice or arsenic reveals the complex, contrasting patterns called pamur running through the metal.

This blade has been further adorned by the addition of a gold snake which runs its length. At the hilt, its head curls underneath a miniscule gold-inlaid garuda bird. A European knife hilt of buckhorn has been added to the blade.  

In the collection of George IV and recorded in the Armoury at Carlton House.